Artificial leather is a kind of plastic product, which looks and feels like leather and can be replaced. Usually based on fabric, coated with synthetic resin and various plastics. PVC artificial leather, PU synthetic leather.
Generally, based on the fabric, the product is obtained by coating or coating a layer of resin mixture on it, then heating, plasticizing, rolling or embossing. Similar to natural leather, it is soft and wear-resistant. According to the type of covering, there are shoes, bags, etc.
In China, people are used to using it. The artificial revolution made of PVC resin is called PVC artificial leather (hereinafter referred to as artificial leather); use; The artificial revolution made of PU resin is called PU artificial leather (PU leather for short): the artificial revolution made of PU resin and non-woven fabric is called PU synthetic leather (synthetic leather for short).
In recent years, the world’s artificial leather and synthetic leather industry center has gradually transferred to China, which has promoted the rapid development of China’s artificial leather and synthetic leather industry. In the next two years, the new demand of the artificial leather and synthetic leather industry will mainly come from the domestic market, and the demand growth rate of the downstream industry will be about 15%. Among the artificial leather and synthetic leather, shoe leather, furniture leather and automobile interior leather will be the main fields, and sports goods Military equipment and special materials and other emerging fields.
In recent years, the world’s artificial leather and synthetic leather industry center has gradually transferred to China, which has promoted the rapid development of China’s artificial leather and synthetic leather industry. In the next two years, the new demand of the artificial leather and synthetic leather industry will mainly come from the domestic market, and the demand growth of the downstream industry will be about 15%, of which shoe leather, furniture leather and automotive interior leather will be the main fields, and emerging fields such as sports goods, military equipment and special materials will emerge.
From the perspective of downstream application fields, shoe leather, garment leather, furniture leather and luggage leather will be the top four fields of leather substrate application in China in 2020. Among them, shoe leather is the application field with the largest sales volume of leather base cloth in China, up to 509000 tons, accounting for 36.86%; Followed by clothing leather, furniture leather and luggage leather, accounting for 17.60%, 17.45% and 14.99% respectively.
Up to now, there are about 549 major manufacturers of synthetic leather in China. The total capacity of the top five manufacturers in the production line accounts for about 6% of the total capacity. The market concentration of synthetic leather is not high. Enterprises in the industry basically follow the market principle, rely on technology, brand, scale, etc. to fully compete in the market, and the industry has a high degree of marketization.
Development Trend of Synthetic Leather
In recent years, the competition in the domestic PU synthetic leather industry has intensified, and the industry is facing adjustment and transformation due to the increasing downward pressure of the domestic economy, sluggish downstream demand, and increasingly strict requirements for safety, environmental protection and occupational health. The industry has entered the stage of in-depth adjustment, with obvious polarization and further increased industry concentration. Since 2016, the environmental protection supervision and safety inspection have put forward higher requirements for safe production and green production of enterprises. The market has entered the stage of winner takes all and the strong is always strong. As a result, upstream raw material suppliers (large domestic and foreign chemical enterprises and manufacturers of materials such as base cloth) are gradually moving towards centralized monopoly, and will be given greater pricing power. The inherent situation of upstream suppliers’ strong pricing power further limits the profit space of enterprises. PVC leather needs plasticizer DOP and stabilizers containing heavy metals such as lead and cadmium, which are easy to pollute the environment. It has been listed as a restrictive development project in the Catalogue for the Guidance of Industrial Restructuring. However, solvents such as polyurethane and DMF, which are widely used in the production of PU leather, will produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which should not be vigorously promoted. The trend of green and environment-friendly development of synthetic leather in China has been very obvious.
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Post time: Oct-27-2022